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Sunday, August 4, 2013

Biotechnology- An Introduction

I have done post-graduation in Biotechnology. Often people ask me what is Biotechnology and what have you studied. So in this article I will try to give you some basic information about the subject. I hope it will help students pursuing their career in the field and  get more clarity in terms of scope and available career choices in future. The article also contains a list of top 10 biotech and pharmaceutical companies in India.

Biotechnology Industry in India

The Indian biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growing knowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role in shaping India's rapidly developing economy in the future. With numerous comparative advantages in terms of research and development (R&D) facilities, knowledge, skills, and cost effectiveness, the biotechnology industry in India has immense potential to emerge as a global key player. Some companies already enjoy a status of being unique and world wide suppliers for certain pharmaceutical products. India is ranked among the top 12 biotech destinations worldwide and third largest in the Asia-Pacific region.

Key segments in the Indian biotechnology industry:






Biotechnology Companies are firms that are involved in what one United Nations committee defined as, "Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use." Studying and researching on microbiological processes and using these for betterment of humankind is objective of biotechnology.

India is a breeding ground of biotechnology based research. With an ever increasing number of 400+ 400 Biotechnology companies in India there is lot of scope to pursue study and career in the field. Some of these companies also enjoy status of being globally renowned and world’s first in particular research. These organizations include many top MNC and Research Centre. This is the list of top 10 biotech and pharmaceutical companies in India:

1 | Serum Institute of India

Corporate Office – Pune India

Establishment – 1966 | Business – Biotechnology

Website –

2 | Panacea Biotech Ltd.

Corporate Office – New Delhi, India

Establishment – 1976 | Business – Pharmaceutical, Biotechnology

Website –

3 | Biocon Ltd.

Corporate Office – Bangalore, India

Establishment – 1978 | Business – Biotechnology |

Website –

4 | Novo Nordisk

Corporate Office – Denmark

Establishment – 1923 | Business – Pharmaceutical

Website –

5 | SIRO Clinpharm

Corporate Office – Thane, India

Establishment – 1996 | Business – Biotechnology / Drug Development

6 | Novozymes South Asia

Corporate Office – Bagsvaerd Denmark

Establishment – 1925 | Business – Biotechnology

Website –

7 | Shantha Biotech

Corporate Office – Hyderabad, India

Establishment – 1993 | Business – Biotechnology

Sector – Private | Website –

8 | Indian Immunologicals

Corporate Office – Hyderabad, India

Establishment – 1982 | Business – Biotechnology

 Website –

9 | GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

Corporate Office – London, United Kingdom

Establishment – 2000 | Business – Pharmaceutical, Biotechnology

Website –

10 | Wockhardt Ltd.

Corporate Office – Mumbai, India

Establishment – 1960 | Business – Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology

Website –

For global list of top 25 biotech companies you can visit link (

The scope and potential of biotechnology

Global Impact of Biotechnology

In recent years revolution in biology has occurred with increasing potential and resourcefullness in research opportunities. Techniques have been developed to extract rare and medicinally valuable molecules, to change hereditary traits of plants and animals, to diagnose diseases to produce useful chemicals and, to clean up and restore the environment. Biotechnology thus is having great impact in the fields of health, food/agriculture and environmental protection. In present situation the differentiating line in pharmaceutical firms and biotechnology is constantly eliminating. 

BioTechnology Careers

When most people think of opportunities for careers in biotechnology, they think of a scientist in a white coat in a laboratory developing drugs to improve the quality of life. However, biotechnology has a wide variety of career opportunities in almost of all the functions required to run an organization including finance, sales and marketing, research and development, to manufacturing and quality control and assurance.

Careers in Biotechnology Research

Researchers in agriculture, biology, genetics, and medicine are at the forefront of new biotechnology discoveries to unravel the genetic codes that govern the biological processes of different forms of life and their applications in betterment.

Careers in Producing Biotechnology Products

After a biotechnology product has been approved for use, many people are needed to manufacture it. Individuals are needed to manage and direct the manufacturing process, to ensure quality control, and to engineer the systems needed to manufacture the product. A biotechnology company offers many of the same career opportunities as any other manufacturing business. However, in addition to specific skills in engineering, scale up, quality control, and other manufacturing processes, individuals employed in the biotechnology industry will need a solid background in the biological sciences.

A Sample of Related Occupations



Pharmaceutical Sales Representative


Hospital Administrator  



Industrial Hygienist        

Physical Therapist

Biotechnologist Laboratory Technician   

Public Health Specialist

Business Development Manager             

Marketing Representative          

Quality Control Specialist

Crop Physiologist            

Medical Doctor Research Assistant


Medical Technician         

Research Scientist



Scientific Librarian

Environmental Health Educator

Natural Resources Manager       

Technical Writer

Environ. Impact Analyst               


Wildlife Biologist


Patent Specialist              

Please let me know if you have any suggestion to make this blog better by commenting on posts  or write to Thanks! 

Also requesting fellow readers from the field if they can share their experience and help readers by commenting or emailing. Their inputs will be published on the blog.

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